Multi-Criteria Appraisal (MCA)

MCA is an appraisal and evaluation technique that accounts for the role of economic, social and environmental factors in decision-making. Unlike CBA or SROI it does not require the monetization (monetary valuation) of social and environmental outcomes.  It highlights the trade-offs among competing interventions, competing interests at play, and competing objectives (social, economic, environmental).

Our experience in applying Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) and using Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) suggests that MCA is more useful than SROI or CBA when:

  • Clients do not wish to put a monetary tag on social and environmental impacts.
  • Applying monetary values on social and environmental impacts is too difficult or too imprecise.
  • There are competing objectives or competing stakeholders, and the objective is to build consensus for designing and implementing sustainable interventions, over time.

We can apply MCA and MCDM:

  • In a variety of areas, such as social or environmental interventions.
  • For a range of sectors including national NGOs, INGOs and across the private and public sectors.
  • At a variety of levels – project, programme or policy levels.

For more information on MCA download: Multi-Criteria Appraisal briefing


Training Programme
For local authorities

We offer group online training and facilitate workshops, primarily for local authorities. Topics currently include Theory of Change, commissioning for outcomes, co-production, and more.

And for other organisations…

You might want to join our open training on Theory of Change or measuring social impact.

Find out more

Sign up for updates

Join our mailing list

by @nefconsulting