Multi-Criteria Appraisal (MCA)

MCA is an appraisal and evaluation technique that accounts for the role of economic, social and environmental factors in decision-making. Unlike CBA or SROI it does not require the monetization (monetary valuation) of social and environmental outcomes.  It highlights the trade-offs among competing interventions, competing interests at play, and competing objectives (social, economic, environmental).

Our experience in applying Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) and using Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) suggests that MCA is more useful than SROI or CBA when:

  • Clients do not wish to put a monetary tag on social and environmental impacts.
  • Applying monetary values on social and environmental impacts is too difficult or too imprecise.
  • There are competing objectives or competing stakeholders, and the objective is to build consensus for designing and implementing sustainable interventions, over time.

We can apply MCA and MCDM:

  • In a variety of areas, such as social or environmental interventions.
  • For a range of sectors including national NGOs, INGOs and across the private and public sectors.
  • At a variety of levels – project, programme or policy levels.

For more information on MCA download: Multi-Criteria Appraisal briefing


Training Programme
Strategic overviews and practical training.

We offer tailored online and on-site training and briefings on Theory of Change, measuring social impact, commissioning for outcomes and social value, SROI, measuring local economic impact, community economic development, and more.

We also facilitate workshops to help you develop a Theory of Change for your programme or strategy. 

Clients include local authorities, universities, public health services, charities, community groups, membership bodies, and responsible businesses.

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by @nefconsulting